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IIJME:Volume 2, Issue 7, July 2014

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Title:
EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF A MIXTURE OF A NON-EDIBLE PLANT OIL AND AN ADDITIVE AS A STRAIGHT FUEL IN C I ENGINE OF AN IRRIGATION PUMP SET
Author Name:
Younus Pasha, Dr. Udipi Shrinivasa, Dr. Swamy D R
Abstract:
ABSTRACT Straight vegetable oils (SVOs) are currently the best alternative energy options for tropical and sub-tropical countries such as India. However, the high viscosity of SVOs often causes blockages if it is fed at room temperature to the engine. It has been proven in repeated studies that the viscosity of SVOs can be brought to very nearly that of diesel by heating them to a sufficient temperature (around 160 °C). This has lead to the development of inline-heaters. All currently available inline-heaters however, only heat the oil up to about 80 °C which is ineffectual in bringing the viscosity of pure oil to the required range. Volatility of the SVO is however rarely addressed. In this work the viscosities and flash point temperatures were found for the three most popular non-edible oils such as Pongamia oil, Castor oil and Neem oil with 3% or 5% of Kerosene or Petrol as additives. Pongamia oil with 3% Petrol as the additives was tested in a diesel engine and found to be a satisfactory replacement of diesel fuel requiring no further heating of the fuel mixture. Therefore the paper addresses the task of developing an alternative fuel which can be used directly into a diesel engine without further processing or heating. Such an engine can be suitable to use for irrigation water pumps to run on locally obtainable non edible oil, such as Pongamia oil with small proportion of additives such as Petrol. Keywords— Irrigation pump set, Pongamia oil, Straight vegetable oil, Petrol, Kinematic viscosity.
Cite this article:
Younus Pasha, Dr. Udipi Shrinivasa, Dr. Swamy D R , " EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF A MIXTURE OF A NON-EDIBLE PLANT OIL AND AN ADDITIVE AS A STRAIGHT FUEL IN C I ENGINE OF AN IRRIGATION PUMP SET" , IPASJ INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (IIJME) , Volume 2, Issue 7, July 2014 , pp. 027-033 , ISSN 2321-6441.
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